As they say, you are what you eat, and for people with kidney disease, it is even more important that a proper nutritional plan be adhered to in order to minimize symptoms, such as nausea, pain, swelling and more. A kidney-healthy diet may even slow down the progression of the disease. Live Well at Home recommends the following dietary considerations, after they are approved by your doctor:
Elevated levels of sodium in the diet can result in fluid retention, elevated blood pressure, and cause the heart to work harder. Sodium intake should be limited to 2 grams each day. Stay away from foods that contain large concentrations of salt including:
Smoked or processed meats
Chips, crackers or pretzels
Pickled foods such as olives and pickles
High-sodium condiments such as soy sauce, BBQ sauce or ketchup
NOTE: Be aware of salt substitutes and “reduced sodium” foods, as many salt substitutes are high in potassium.
Potassium is a mineral found in almost all foods. Our bodies require some potassium in order for our muscles to work, but throughout dialysis, potassium levels need to be very closely monitored. Having too much or too little potassium can cause muscle cramps, erratic heartbeat and muscle weakness. A dietitian can help identify how much potassium is ideal for an individual.
Even though protein is an important nutrient, when the kidneys are not performing effectively, surplus protein begins to build up in the blood. People with kidney disease need to consume no more protein than is necessary by the body. When treatment is started early, a low protein diet and a balanced formula of essential amino acids during every meal has been found to delay the time to dialysis and perhaps reverse some kidney concerns.
Vitamins and Minerals
Individuals with kidney disease may need vitamin supplements to help reduce the possibility of some typical side effects of kidney failure such as bone disease or anemia, but these should only be taken as recommended by a physician.
Home care Roseville CA providers Live Well at Home help people to manage kidney disease, through our in-home care services which include careful meal planning and preparation services, assistance with following doctors’ orders, and providing the pleasant companionship that lifts up spirits and brings warmth and joy into the home. Contact us to learn more at 916-459-3220.